ҪͶ

ǩ

ղСվ

о¼ԡӡɢġ־ΨͼƬ

ǰλã2019ţ_ţ_߶ţϷ_ֻϷƽ̨ > Ҷʥ >

Ʊǻs

鵵ڣ09-22       ıࣺҶʥ      ±༭¼

1NöBwǻ۬èۄlsỊzݱՆǡlsỊ§lsG^z

ƱӌCm`h渜칸ǻģ᱅nۊ`h渜ډvkޓۜRAĺNBǻޓmًĺω㦲zƱǻzrًwǻǬ`ĕ[ǻˇpm⹗S΂mۉǻymy۩ygy`҃`mBp΂mǤHlǻfz

HϹ{ͫ{ƱӨ18231915ؗģFģzӁģֲꑍFظՏѨ*t`㦨ۺeǻCY󫋌yߖ㦌̌㦏m۸Տdet請۰Ct칸Γ[ۿͰ؜ʶ̼ǻĐ`տӐ`ǻGՏSY۹SIf㦲̐L§ǻŌa桫˔SǻkǻܡaƱEʩzǻ᫔۾Yoy۹SƱN§§z``oۃz칸ԴN۳ߞAPᏕ۫w϶Ƨ§zNQ`oۯًpZvђǻ[㦰kpωьQ`ޓeᩘ`ο§ǻ㦁vwĐʫ}ϾVzƱӫI΂`ӈswnǻRwۿ`n҃ǻ㦜RZzB~RǬRZ~pދĺC۫НĺSǻ桨ەߘNJ~M_֔~M§zƱӍRǻۜBnR񨕨RZ§ǻᬫzً櫔ǻԃZԃۨRɭXޓِXzεòSĦу^BۍRFF`Sǻz

ƱӌCm`h渜칸ǻģ᱅nۊ`h渜ډvkޓۜRAĺNBǻޓmًĺω㦲zƱǻzrًwǻǬ`ĕ[ǻˇpm⹗S΂mۉǻymy۩ygy`҃`mBp΂mǤHlǻfz\ǻB۫췅ǻ㦒RFbˇǻ`ωֲPoۈ뫔Sǻˇz

ĺy҃wǻ汅d҃hу^zу^RۓГRZRzƱӃ^zDǻ^ĺFǻ^fεëⶈƱz

ƱӱpNދĺrۛϲ`㦊}ޓ`㦊}fǻAmۛϲ~ͰSǻ뉶΍RՊW횜V~ͰǻNǻyǻRmzƱӅֲᬉ칸ǻᏕU[`ǻdĺNB۳QًǻRpA~vkǻ횜V۱p`^fD`ǻ_ިۆ΂mymۊpnRFPoyyˇқǻ`㦂FεֆǻsdދøɎyԴmUtǻٶuۛDǻFnfYZYzUmģɭԃ]ǻ`ͰտUmFģɭ΃ǻ㦊uzĺFڽgCޓו㦒RnRە[zZǻ쳽{§zQƱӵًĺIYϳȨۊpSB봨ۓƊp\רۊnĺFǻmR봈~_z`ՆWRnǻW§ۗ㦒Rn`n\ƱӍR̽Ӑ`YǻozÛ̽ӎHBz܍YYۛmсǻΈammًz

ĺڵxѐ`µ঩zRΈa§ۑ麵xًǻvFz

ĺƱӱpǻCޓ۳QًǻRpA~vkǻ횜VYpψ~ĺQǻĺIYދdzĺeĨ۷ċDac۷cQyDARNщǻнPy׺ycaybbyçyΩya|ÛÛz

ĺƱӱpǻCޓ۳QًǻRpA~vkǻ횜VYpψ~ĺQǻĺIYދdzĺeĨ۷ċDac۷cQyDARNщǻнPy׺ycaybbyçyΩya|ÛÛ

18231222,-{ͫ{UlSө{Ʊ(Jean-Henri Casimir Fabre )ۗ׉ģە[kRģFģzۋI٦ǻÝL䫔cӁģzɭYǻϠ,ƱӌT͘ǻ悎X\ޜ̔dģHǻ,gCǻmڱ^ǻSuޓόόޛDǬǻΈ~ĸlz,Ʊ϶ƅÝLˌaf,SJފC݈٫AFDǻzz 1833,ƱӫģًۋCc,̔ީƒģNYWᔵz򠀾Y,ģwиZ[czƱvًZ[cǻ^,SX,̂XX,pfFW,ĦfJmzY,oًꄍWzrعƀǻ佶,PY,ǻ㦞YPًԃÛƀ`z ȫY,Ce؅ǻƱӊU얃XˌaًǻՏᒪ,~ՏǻV`㦊}z 1849,wRʕlkꄒH{ǻ[ZՏѩzkfǻ`Գǻ[,ً칸[ە[ǻzꄍWzrǻ[ģrٳNQً`ǻ㦊ozɭY,w҃J-LoĦ,m÷ǻiэRƱӾYR̕[ģyܓf칸ǻًǻrz1853,ƱӸη,ꄍWzrǻ~ƀ,ģvً-SzHlǻNl~ǻrz1857,濬Ͱًu̖غmĺ,Đ`BًgCޜёɩ{Xǻd,ɭً뢕l칸ǻ,ڏ܍ZYz,ƱdεښߤJNJ\ǻ칸,gC׌lxfǻ`,`JAz1860,ƱPًɭF칸ǻXhͫz Y,ƱWՏSWHé{[ǻB,ӼQƀǻVޓՏWF,S`ǻVԴdlًhDǻrz,旗ًWF,aģϭиB,retz et,ƱӂUًYտeǻĺǻCȩz,ðޓuƄăH\Ħ[zɭX,dxoًKģS,SSK,rOLǻաHĚc§~ɭzC,邙[߀ƗƱ깊f:W϶b,Xޓ̔ũyǬ`ǻbɈeυݕTًᩩzɭY,Ʊεǻ[ӊǻ,pͰտǻm]z ڜRvǻ칸ƱǻǬɱz1878,捖pHĚcǻRvRދBÃǻ㦒R`czݔǻ칸eQ`,𠞵}aARSًǻe,ˇuģωֲRBǻݔ饸B~RSǻ~@z 1879,ƱjBًͫzǻf,𫔱иrƌᩩz뫔ݔǻ\A,S뉶θǬǻA,ًݶģиrX,dǻdyWFk沿,AĦ佶,zAƹޓ渜;ݱp櫔pźpǻAz,Ʊӫvk,GZ칸ǻĺyĺN㦍ĺ,UًĺǻYسȩz̤,~иmR̕[Y,AN҃rMۋI٦ǻ[˸z Ʊӫ`,Yً㦏myf㦌㦏my`㦌㦏m`̌㦏m,oXg,ǬۋFģNX٦aWǻFzdyiԴwϾV`㦂,[BǻÃ}ǻvFZ뻍̽Ӑ`YP봩y׈aͧCH{S٦XӊOz ƱӂQC,ĺǻՍRًnǻM§pna§ǻˇ,ǻًǤHǻ҄zƱӅPًYp,S,RSn,҃ǻzǻòƽgC`ǻ@,DK[ģտӐ`y1911̽Ӑ`YͫCFģKݛHyCFģEөyģEya悎XˇyۋI٦`ģZizÛzĺ򸜃AĺNًƱvkǻ,nًwޓϸǻٛ,տӐ`ƱӍREǻģ§zgиrͫzɊC,봩y`ģωͻzƱӊ`ǻи~Նً٦CyKģSÛ,Sޓωǻo|zWՏSWHé{[εƱӺn٘,Y봏܍mczכģз{LǑ̃ͫz,f˳N}ɩz ø깠ǻƱǻFўF:FR̕[ģ,[Bً[㦒R,DߡJ:hͫޓĐ`yꄍWzrǻە[yݔ饡yLTfǻvyHmġÛ;FRՏ,捖ދw㦕[ZV;FRa,[qǻۋI٦ދBًÈa,ڽgAAR [\a§,ɭX,dεhDۋI٦aǻF麵x;xt,d[`ǻOBDz W,ƱFIyAmIyIR~ǻĺzFSHً칸Դwǻ`㦷ò,dN봓Qտًǻ`^pwǻǬz 1915,εӉ칸ǻ봗Ʊӌً,P؈e,Ǭǻǻ@ȦB,AEf,WǻϗKS,p~[Bǻbˇǻ`,ωⱛmǻI:mߙ],Xv,HWR,nqϱ^ǻ\,Y횄ߺ,ʢԴs,߯҃ǻ̽΅;[O,[҃ǻzaH,̵mBϞvǻnz ĺdݱxRǻ϶c,nRډΒ瓴ǻ칸§zWe,ȲacuV,Uf˩z1878Cȿk,ɭYΈŷkȩz ,Iǻډǻ칸ĺNzF봖fe,jQfǻvFԴ,ՆAAڗqۋI٦ўFǻvk,Nε϶`ģpB,۳Q`AĺNBDwǻyumyɩyմy@ܩy,YεĺNxŁ佶~,ދQǻĺz Sĺ鰹Nd,҃rMǻ`z,pwfAۉǻoRXǻzًsׯ`opX,Fͫ[`ǻ㦊o,oǻRދpyǻ߯,εǻޓFǤHNAE,FǤHǻCo熈ًBǻnz`ڶ܍ًmǻΚǤH,Qտϸǻޓ佶ǻFǤHǻv,Ѹl҃봊󉶆ǻSZ§ǤH§oFyCޓǻНuz뫔㦒R`c~ǻ,S`Fǻz鰹Ð`Fǻ,ĺFģB쳊̶ǻn,~~Sǻ`ډǻՆ,CahщΞmǻrAuz,`[vO҃sׯًǻm,S㦒RԥSҬ,dk`bˇ,ā䫔ϵ̼ǻ`FzFǻ,ۻ,cތ,rًǻaɩzF`n[yyyԴwɽǻR,ً19ᩘqۋI٦HǻθzF봊Rދp[vǻP,ɭX,|`ÎXg`͐`ǻr,`l[͖^syU}pÃǻή,¾kdCWԮË҃ۋI٦NXg`ǻaѩzƱӱ~pRnǻM§,P̽Y`Yǻ,ًĺǻDۋijYǻX,bˇaǻǻͶ~z ĺًޓ`,Ɏ҃ꕺǻZm,w`ǻқmzdC@zɪ,wUtǻ긃H佶,Z㦸d길ǻgz FǻZm㼫Fǻ칸ޓ佶zƱӊډǻ칸,⏳,𽶯`ԴỊ,˪㦒RԌT,R,ГRZ,r``ñ~oxӈsp,`ǻxB,CͰ]`ǻmTFHޓ`ǻjzωαtÿқC,AoFǻ`,zwǤHǻp,s̝C㿮FƐwǻ,xAǤHОvkǻsz Fǻқm,ɚFǻޓͰտf,adFǻ칸ޓ佶zֲk`,Frًywǻ,ֲ[F҃oǻXϖ,[gYvǻ,Hω`n~Fŭǻс,Fǻқ҃ǻwܢWwzɭX,칸ĺNt,F봊¾k񖐓`ǻ^y~иrǻyXǻU,NsׯBǻW,vǻģ,B޴ً϶c§,rًzWF봊칸ޓ佶,p[XޓϗÛ칸Դ,칸҃ǻ,zw,ޓvF,Ċfًқmǻ֩zϱYǻޓw,يwǻWޓǬfz ݱp,Fǻқmrp,뫔wǻǬ,ǻo;ǻ긾GқzWǻZmًқmǻE,BzF봲Ǭ`yǬwWًwǻ,ϸRwǻͰ,\,ɭ,WwEً봫zRǻ㦃^zƱǻĺ뫔ਐ`FNF~ǻ,ME,`ǻjmzphǻНv,Ʊӌ̕[ģ,h§ǻģ;`߯]gC~Аǻ`FzF,FR,[`ǻĊfًm§ǻ,ͱpRǤHNSZǻhzܚ,Sֲ㦩yǤHNSZǻ˯H,FjǻzC,ωd͘,ε칸Ꮥޓ`ދFx,U}fƱӫzW,ĺp`ǻ,PًǻIޓz ĺDދ,WF`AޓދFǻᏕzBًFǻr:ٰ,SCDAF봜ǬwyǬǻқ,,Slˇǻ^z[BǻĺNǻ,SǻsRݲǻ,Ն`ǻ,όًoyyˇқpǻPz ĺ^ᩱp,mڵxRѐ`,fᩘeymًεx,lًgCrGǻzً؈eyA,dnHHQƱ§,ً̫ѡĺǻεxy,axz xֲǻeȸcu,븜봼_Qǻ,懱kySuya|yнPÛ,Ħً`㦂mymQǻ˩zĺտe,쨲τ×cuV,щΈ~tǻ`,W鰹ǻcuUǻE,~ɭ鰹ց,uǻjzxʼ,ًFFǻEޓzɭX,u샊ǻ,ݱpp[jǻCޓ,pǻzPǻk֩z dǻ麵xWFrmx봃WUzyΡyZPyPya|y]yuόόޡyϭEHbbyƖSΡÛcu`ƌƌx;HɮPyHۋýPyD̖Pyçy`懱kycay^uybuÛcuυtڵx̩zϵx`鎗᠞z¡B,IHf桗`ǻGͰտz

18231222ۗƱ[qꄍQn˅Ýr䫔cӁģz̔ق\ܰ{ƱɺBdWHө{EmyٮzSω\^czƱӁHz̔dޜdģۊCģ񶮂uӼͯzRǻbǬfًޜdģǻܩy[SHfًcX`ǻpzݨ̔dՆ϶ģۃvًǻ㦩zƀv۫Bįᝍ۫A粀zBįᝍgՏkwFyݔn˟XzwHz]хQz綼BՏd۶~Rd̶҃ǻ|YNyϧZZyyGaơሸCWWz㦔ۗƱӽy26`dًƹÓϽǻC۹S֗ƱۭEXݠz涼zH׃Ʊ^X۷϶헾orًn[y̽ѝyN[yΞFzzN܎zƱӈe݊CdUɅģƒǻۋC؎rz̔dֿًNY۰CrǬ㦞ǻ֗ƱۋCظ㦨υơVƀuzۍRúۗƱӷxՏۍR@FD^WFۜX϶͆ߩzG帜ՓJۗƱģRᔵ~ۓσHиwYfnǻZ[cۋܰǻзͫ֩z栀Ʊ˟FWX۵}p㦒BBzmC`㦨ĺ^zً15㰽HĚcꄍWzrǻعƀxڜBdNzֲꄍWzrعƀȫYۗƱX󰹅˿U_X㦈Տ{mֲɭˌaًտetǻՏᒪzՏf㦩zfcX˯V۾_fݔfًE`wڂ܎݂`ًؠǻz§dɿzًǻWIjƫ쉶F۠򱅾Y۫rǻϐًٵFRbdދU}ǻz19ݩz칸ǻzBً۹SWǻ{ՏdۗƱ|R桐^ه횩zy˟VǻHnԃȫIEǻ`dzpYwʫt`ۻoع˟IEǻ[Zf㦌㦏mz24ǻƱӨ۲ϛՏS˟rʕlkͯꄒHܸǻՏz櫔wIՏ۫wͫ[tCF[ĺNz򠀾Y϶ꄍWzrܨͯՏzzZꐫ㦲VzrYۗƱީ`㦨`㦌㦏mzwث31ǻƱӱprb㦒RĐ`ǻ۫P`̌㦏mzrĐ`ǻ㹣[uxǻ칸Hǻv칸Ԝە[Sǻ칸z󰹫`㦠뻡Ͱً}ǻᏕu̖غĺzĺҊgۗƱӵ̼ǻϷωɱڜBًpǻd@pًǻbxۊWݬًSǻvzƱǻ㦐`cˌalωǻqɩz34濬ͰًฉΏزܐF^ǻ칸Ꮥ㦒RvyZɳgΨ劰kFҩz뢕l칸N滣ًZYߨGFΊfǻ칸鰹xvǻUtzK[ģտӐ`EXqmǻB1859[ܤ^ᩊCωƨտӐ`IpEǻģ§zǻƱә]ѨwֲJ`\ǻW۽gAН[ǻRz݌ƨۃؖfW@Iǻ뫔WłJ`̣ǻ桫ͫ[J`IܤǻWw§zՏSύpՏǻҳgR񐎨ͰRՏԄmfֲ`칸BRɭdn٘ᩓ㸖ǻՆⱩzwWվYۍR桇ՏSՏTԴżۍM`VۗƱWFًDKۛV봈ézyߓΨ۫깠ǻnyՏSn[ьQςmǻSs[§ڕՏnMErZƧg҃Iǻw[rms§zIYϵw劗ƱģܓzƱTꄍWzrK܎ܨz̤YHI~M㦲̐Lz𫔠1870ۗƱӱm46ݩzƱakbWvHĚcʨۊϭܗbƫҼǻģzً݂_ۋHֿúً҃zNSnǻƱO§۳NwǻKģ(xt§)هۛmKהuϠꄍWzrиzvhۗƱӫģHI۩zɭYۗƱpދ`o[RǻА`ˌa}@̶zًDߡZA[ÛvmFDߡΏxqΡDǻ絸ᬂmFz875佶YۗƱՠT܎܆jۘm桫GZỊy˗H칸ǻWFթzDģ^֜Kzɩz֜KԴwQۖaDǻƀz@ּbCЏǻ깼ǻYeƊd翬ˇRz؁IۜGZetỊWދǻĺCȨ1879^ᩩz1880ۗƱǻܡ桫[}ǻۊ֜K݆󫔽NAfǻ]栕v칸bǻՓε܂ᫀ桩z惊^A[gAۋI٦ӛи~ًǻf˩z⫔fԮ҃ӁǻރbX~ۄ҃o]Ђnǻzݨ۝ݮպۺVJί۫KІΚֈ˱ًz҃zǬǻf˨wǻAֲS얃ǻ칸ۅۂᏕދvwǻĺzDSyᐩyهyAHً35tzĺpv㰻̣`هދǻې`rR`Ħ󉶆㦐^f۰CD̒SUy϶cǻQĺm`cavԠZĐ^ǻĨ۱pvomǻ`©zmKyГǻӈsǻbۊϲ㿬|zeȋЋetۇԳ`ĨBWI]pF봒IzƱӛD`ދF§vԴHB§zCeԉCͶ셢ΡƖSΡrv۶~RrRձǻCeދǻzCoɊo`85ǻ]b±ErًۊW߯IpBދFǻAzIYzmًCe§ǻ]Y۳iεr`cRCeǻpz1910m86ݨCeȐ^ًz҃d҃qJofج۫˪f§HĺދBS]ǻzܡIp桫ًz𫔠ģpֲᬡĺދFe§ҨBĦƱǻunuɶơf§ۍR溳kւtHzƱӽқِXEѩzmQ̨Yn؂΃ииf§ǻmttǻɭ!ƱVb_§Bˌaյeȃoĺ`R঒ދBɵɵǻtɩztxDϕsʶWϨ̤ًD칸zֲᬛD칸یǻXǻِXz`n`ΞFINô봸zƊpHPDۖaHPϰۑFݼΞFǻyz§jnXQۡƱ§ǻғQBً§I§§Fɭ҉ՆN]Bf§gЪy⹩yX^ytNǻ፶yo봨nՁkǻⷈz劗ƱӍRzǻm`FֵǻĖfیɭ20ǻܚzYۗƱǻֈfԏҵ̫BHYۗƱǻ΂nOz]boδR˯ᬨɭCBɊoA҃YJNқz݆90ǻ]rۼ҃cތǻOdڙ]uDFQ^VًzωǬM҃M҃ۚBқƨ`ëƫVq۫ƫ߀݆Az§T92ϴًۗƱӒɢf߾owwmbǻƶz191511ǻmPy^ǻ򸌶zCoωmAEًzmp΍RFwܢɶxǻֲɭmzƱƈeۈeȃoĺzǻWWEۋ̌εsׯ櫔ǻ`cxĦনFĺCeȩzא`npnǻW§R䯃\R̽Ӑ`YozYωdFIYەQƱӱmTǻmzWۛ䯃ωQ˶zωƱӌģ§ƂQRģ§B᩾Yω󫔃JCRģyFģ§۾YwFFģyģ§zD䯃ڗƱӶgǻz

ܵǤ঵x``ǻĺexۍR̡ܚۈ§ՊfًUrǻѯzɭܸFyZIǻsׯm݆80ًzƱCy칸ە[RkFvޓFǻWFۉģǻ칸녢ꠊJyۛXωǻҾyf}y฻yͨڛDⷊ󉶆ǻۏ~MF[ߌ佶BωӉWwҨWǻ~MzwǻޓmÛÛIًǻΒzƱMQfε`ò܂ǻ[ǻԴ칸ǻޓmzǻ칸ԴًBfǻQIω녢˕GۊWωxǻlBvk칸Bωβ܂᫔╺wǻlۊWupωωBωれkвWFۊWųǻZBۊçǻњϨBω[ߤᷘۊW칸ǻIԃͰBωӸۊWӸwz§(ĺȋ)㒏ǻ`h渜ۉωAR弫ޓAǻՊW횜VzƱ~ǬǻΫDۿКA`ǻ칸ԴzgƱֲǻf§cr櫔칸ǻᏕĺ[vǻC߯Ịε͗ǻnRA㫀ωǻwCnًzĺ뫔xǻF۹Sw^eFDa׳ǻ㦸㦒RFǻԥSޓBۡrɱ[ǻdyvǻȸۊWНARSǻ桨۫Ǽè۫Ǽz§(ĺȋ)ƜBfrǻьQہǻ`n췩zƱӁRًDZꐫ؍ax^ǻ봩yģωWދۑRۑRWދۑωǬ˟ڔωxǻ̕[}BR~M퐝ǻC[ω㦂mǻ`¨۶~Rѐ`ٰVֲS(17ᩘˇǻCCq)ǻɸ|ǻz§(ĺȋ)d˯l뫔E§ǻCyzgƱE§pYۜG18y19ᩘ̕[ģε칸Ꮥދ`㦂mFzƱXDɊ`cEfBկq۹Sĺਐ`F]xǻFzƱǻEǻED\WR桩zҗƱRދGǻçǻBYًOi֔tǻ鏕۫OaSǻģQKlAvZ҃zωًO̶ǻΩ@ًzģQWfˌadǼzό뛀̶ǻzƹǻOǻ]yyTyغyPyNߌIǻ懱kzDbǻRًܓ݆ەYçǻbBçGAOubD酂B`ϻoبBDΫǼǻΨ{qA҃֨܅AًOX˨ƻaǻrf헫YdοA϶zωًԇd~N۫m܂ًx~~ǻ֔봨۫zܤliǻֲiܓzIǻ懱kzⱏωǫǼAxLçǻu҃BωXȸǻçǻฝިBçҴf҃çǻҾzοǻ懱kǻBrçǻĊZw̶zӛDYbqً{zIًizꐛrǻģQًߊmܓًz(ĺȒ)

ƱӨJeanHenri Fabre1823F1915ب1823qυÝr䫔cӁģX^ޓpHةz󰸜񒏗BU۹S`㦨۫ḜYً㦏myf㦌㦏my`㦌㦏m`̌㦏mz1847۶ꄒH㦨ۊRًIًvǻrm봨ֲɭɨՏ㦱tz칸Ωz1857濬ͰًWFu̖غmĺۛĐ`BًgCǻޜѵr{XǻdǨ۲ɭً뢕l칸ǻڏ܍ZYzտӐ`ًԃǻۊ[ܤ򸜂ƱӍRޓSǻģ§z1879ۡĺCȐ^ᩩz1880渙ًk۫ݔ\SqFθǬǻAA䱅Rf§ztǻ35ۗƱиf˨۫vk۫GZ칸ǻĺyĺNy㦍ĺÛỊۂUًĺǻYسȩz191592ǻƱӊ渖Ǭǻ@ȦBAEf˩z

ӣhttp://bolyachki.net/yeshengtao/786.html

һƪIJ

һƪҼ ҪԵ